From plan to volume: the need for archaeological analysis in 3D modeling

In order to contribute to change the methodology in archeology, Prof. Margueron has performed an analysis crossing the work of architects and archaeologists. With computer knowledge of Dr. Gransard-Desmond and his work on the Red House of Mari, a communication was presented on « From plan to volume: the need for archaeological analysis in 3D modeling » at Journées d'Informatique et Archéologie de Paris (JIAP) 2010.

The ancient city of Mari in Syria, a restitution done thanks to the crossing sources of architecture and archaeology
The ancient city of Mari in Syria, a restitution done thanks to the crossing sources of architecture and archaeology
©  Bresch N. (drawing) and Margueron J.-Cl. (analysis)

Abstract
Prior to 3D modelling, the remains of monuments were given volume in two dimensions through drawings. The problem of analysing archaeological documents had already arisen with significant consequences on the final result, in particular when only foundations were found.

Instead of an argued reconstruction, the reconstruction was an elevated projection of the plan drawn up by the excavator, the superstructure thus being merely a product of the imagination. Since then, the use of information technology has not changed the situation at all: the final document still lacks scientific value; the superstructure still is a product of the imagination.

However, it could be obtained scientifically for any remains using the convergence of multiple indicators pointing in the same direction and towards the same conclusion..

Key words
Theoretical Archaeology, Informatics Applied to Archaeology, Ancient Near East (Archaeology), 3D modelling cultural heritage, 3D Modelling (Architecture), Virtual Reality (Computer Graphics)

To reference the article: Margueron J.-Cl. et J.-O. Gransard-Desmond 2012 « From plan to volume: the need for archaeological analysis in 3D modeling », dans : Giligny F., Costa L., Djindjian F., Ciezar P. et Desachy B. (éd.), Actes des 2èmes Journées d’Informatique et Archéologie de Paris – JIAP 2010, Archeologia e Calcolatori supplemento 3, p. 397-410.
Free download on http://soi.cnr.it/archcalc/indice/Suppl_3/29-gransard-desmond.pdf

To find out more...
on the publication of the colloque Actes des 2èmes Journées d’Informatique et Archéologie de Paris 2010 on Archeologia e Calcolatori website
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